Medical marijuana - what are the differences between THC, THCV, CBD and CBG?

As you know, marijuana has about 480 psychoactive substances, and 80 of them are so-called cannabinoids, they are the ones that work our brain. The most popular ones include THC, THCV, CBD and CBG. Let's see how they differ from each other? After all, not everyone is a trained chemist. We've already written about what cannabinoids are, now let's find out how they differ from each other.


The most important and popular chemical compound in cannabis is tetrahydrocannabinol - THC. No wonder, after all, cannabis is mainly composed of it. It contributes most to the stimulation of our brain while smoking cannabis, causing a feeling of so-called "high". It is responsible for the state of euphoria and overall satisfaction. It makes us feel more calm and relaxed. Interestingly, it also relieves pain, improves heartbeat, fights cancer cells and acts as an anti-inflammatory. As they say, two birds with one stone - we heal and relax at the same time, all thanks to THC.


THCV is also a cannabinoid, but unlike THC, it has a slightly different effect. Firstly, it has a less psychoactive effect on our brain. In fact, it only enhances the effects of THC, while limiting the length of our "stoned" time. Current research conducted on THCV suggests that it can be used to treat metabolic disorders, all by effectively inhibiting hunger. However, it doesn't stop there. Marijuana is unique in many ways. The THCV it contains can be used to treat diabetes and Alzhaimer's.


Cannabidiol or CBD for short, appears to be the second most active of the cannabinoids in marijuana next to THC, however, unlike THC, it does not cause a "high" and even alleviates its symptoms. CBD is especially valued in medicine, but it is also important to users themselves. This cannabinoid affects the mood after smoking marijuana. It alleviates dizziness and nausea. It also has quite a few medical benefits, which include fighting chronic pain, inflammation, migraines, arthritis, spasms and epilepsy, and schizophrenia.


CBG, is also known as cannabigerol. It is an active compound found in marijuana that is known for its antimicrobial effects. It is classified as a cannabinoid, but recent studies have shown that it may be the stem cell of THC and CBD. This means that both THC and CBD may be derivatives of CBG. CBG also causes the relaxing feelings that are usually associated with CBD, but it does not have psychoactive effects like THC. And what medical effects does it have? It lowers blood pressure, relaxes, relieves pain and nausea, and has been confirmed to fight cancer cells.