Legal status of CBD in Poland, the European Union and the World

Cannabidiol is the main ingredient in many cosmetics and dietary supplements - such as CBD oil, for example, demonstrating extremely broad medicinal use. Unfortunately, more and more myths are growing around the legal situation of CBD oil. As a result, gaining reliable knowledge on the subject is becoming increasingly difficult. In this article you will find information about the current legal status of CBD in Poland. You will also learn what legal regulations on cannabidiol are in force in the European Union and other parts of the world.

Status of CBD under Polish law

The current Law on Counteracting Drug Addiction indicates that the cultivation and use of hemp seed crops is legally permitted in Poland. This information can be found in Article 63 of this law. All that matters is that the concentration of the psychoactive compound THC in hemp does not exceed 0.2%.

It is from hempseed that cannabidiol is derived, and the popular CBD oil is produced from the flowers of the plant. The use of such products has been officially approved by the Food and Nutrition Safety Commission. In a 2019 opinion issued by the commission, hemp-derived products such as seeds, oil, and flour can be legally and safely sold in Poland.

Thus, the sale of products containing the CBD compound derived from seed hemp - those with THC levels of no more than 0.2% - is permitted in Poland. Among other things, CBD oil, hemp seeds and cosmetics created on the basis of cannabidiol are fully legal in our country, and their purchase does not require a prescription issued by a doctor.

Products containing CBD are also regulated by European Union legal standards. Let's take a look at what this entails and how the legal status of CBD looks in other EU countries.

Legal status of CBD in the European Union

CBD products, the specifics of which are outlined above, are completely legal in Poland. However, for the sale of non-standard foodstuffs - those with a higher concentration of cannabidiol than the naturally present level of CBD in hemp - a permit from the European Commission is required. This also applies to synthetic products or articles created from plants other than hemp seed.

The sale and purchase of products containing CBD is legally permitted practically throughout Europe - if, of course, the products are derived from fiber hemp with a THC concentration of no more than 0.2%. The exceptions are Austria and Luxembourg, which allow THC concentrations of 0.3%, and France, which requires products to be completely free of this cannabinoid.

CBD oils, seeds and other such products are very popular on the European market. However, it's worth keeping in mind that there may be differences between different European Union countries in terms of legal regulations on the sale and purchase of CBD. In addition, the law governing hemp is subject to dynamic changes. Therefore, it is always important to familiarize yourself with the applicable regulations before traveling abroad.

CBD and regulation in the US

Thanks to the 2018 Farm Bill introduced by Donald Trump, hemp seed has been classified as an agricultural commodity. CBD products with a THC concentration of no more than 0.3% and grown by a legally authorized grower are fully legal in the US.
In contrast, plants with THC concentrations greater than 0.3% are not seed hemp under US law - they are considered marijuana.

Regulations on CBD vary from state to state, of course. However, it is worth knowing that no state directly prohibits the use of products created on the basis of cannabidiol.

Legal status of CBD in Asian countries

The legal situation of CBD in Asia is a bit more complicated. Not all Asian countries allow the use of hemp products. The following countries legally allow the use of CBD - under certain conditions:

  • China
  • Philippines
  • Israel
  • Japan
  • Malaysia
  • Thailand
  • Taiwan

It is worth mentioning that Israel plays a dominant role in terms of research conducted on the medicinal properties of CBD oil. Scientists there are also engaged in exploring the medical potential of other cannabinoids.

The sale and use of products containing cannabidiol are banned in Kuwait, Iraq, Bangladesh, Afghanistan and North Korea, among others. North Korea's peculiar political situation may account for the legal status of CBD there.


In summary, the use of CBD products is legally permitted in most places around the world. CBD can be used legally in Poland and in the vast majority of European Union countries. Hemp-derived products are also approved by the laws of the United States and some Asian countries.

CBD regulations in Poland are determined mainly by the Law on Counteracting Drug Addiction. CBD products must come from hemp with adequate levels of THC (less than 0.2%).

Finally, it is worth mentioning that according to a 2018 World Health Organization (WHO) report, CBD is a safe compound and has no addictive properties. Not surprisingly, cannabidiol is legal in many parts of the world. Possible side effects of using CBD products may result from interactions with medications you are already taking. This should be noted before deciding to use cannabidiol.

Scientific sources:

  • Law on Counteracting Drug Addiction of May 10, 2018. (Journal of Laws of 2020 Item 2050)
  • Opinion of the Committee on Food Safety and Nutrition dated May 27, 2019.
  • Cannabidiol (CBD) in light of regulations on novel foods
  • Guide to Buying CBD in Europe
  • Is CBD Legal? The Legal Status of CBD in 2020
  • CFAH | Is CBD Oil Legal? The Legal Status of CBD in 50 States in 2021
  • What are the Legalities of Weed and CBD in Asia?
  • The legality of CBD oil in Asia
  • Cannabidiol (CBD) Critical Review Report